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Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens: Deciphering the Dynasties of the Ancient Maya (Chronicles)

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Understanding the Classic Maya urban tradition requires a theoretical shift in how to think about cities (Eppich et al. On the day he died, Tikal was invaded by troops led by Siyaj Kʼakʼ, who overthrew the reigning family.

In 695 CE Tikal struck back and defeated Calakmul, changing the course of lowland Maya history in one dramatic battle. Pairs of plain stelae and altars at Naranjo near Kaminaljuyu may mark Middle Preclassic K’atun endings (page 20), as was customary at most Maya capitals in later times.

Tunnel excavations beneath the Acropolis have discovered palaces and temples from the dynastic founding era, and three inscriptions dedicated by K’inich Yax K’uk’ Mo’s son, Copan’s 2nd king. Reigning for 40 years, he expanded the causeway system and saw an increase in the site's population. Like the early states in the southern area, these Preclassic lowland kingdoms were marked by increased size, greater concentrations of power in the hands of kings, and the use of writing to publicly proclaim royal authority and achievements. Meanwhile, Tikal and likely other sites established hereditary royal dynasties during this period (Martin and Grube 2000).

As the survivors left for better lives elsewhere, the lowland Maya kingdoms were abandoned and their “Lords of Time” disappeared forever. With possible origins at Late Preclassic El Mirador, the Early Classic Kaan (snake) dynasty settled at Dzibanche. With the issue of practice at the forefront of our analysis, we demonstrate how the study of war has been “blackboxed” in Maya archaeology, then undertake a comparative analysis to highlight how digging into the details of past martial practice enriches debates in Mesoamerican studies regarding the role of war in the rise and disintegration of states. Such a low-density urban settlement pattern was uniquely adapted to life in the delicate environments of subtropical forests, spreading out the impact of human usage across a wide area (Awe et al.Closer to Minanha, the defeat of Caracol by Naranjo in AD 680, created a political landscape with ideal conditions for the emergence of new kingdoms in west-central Belize. The 15th Copan king, K’ak’ Yipyaj Chan K’awiil (749–763 CE), re-established Copan’s prestige by dedicating the famed Hieroglyphic Stairway recording Copan’s former glories. According to this study, Western feminism can be perceived as a dominant ideology that overlooks essential challenges faced by women from diverse cultures, particularly those in the global South. Growth and prosperity led to competition and conflict, as polities attempted to control more land, trade, and people.

At the end of his reign, Machaquilá's suzerain kingdom, Dos Pilas, was abandoned and, during the political turmoil that followed, Cancuén stole power from Machaquilá. The construction of a fully functional royal court complex, including architecture with residential, ritual, civic-ceremonial, and service functions, as well as large public plazas and smaller, more restricted, courtyards and patios, and a number of stelae monuments, signifies the first physical manifestations of the institution of kingship at Minanha (Iannone, 2005:30).These differences in the lowland soil properties led to divergent ancient Maya land use strategies; in Chinikihá and Busiljá, the major agricultural domain was developed in the lowlands, implying largescale artificial drainage. Al final se ofrece una comparación de los discursos producidos por los gobernantes y la élite intermedia a nivel local y regional con el fin de detectar el funcionamiento y los cambios del sistema político para, a su vez, deducir algunas causalidades del colapso suscitado durante los siglos IX y X en el Occidente de las Tierras Bajas. The soilmantle of the tropical karst landscapes of southernMexico was a key resource for ancient Maya agriculture and experienced deep transformation due to long-term human impacts under changing environmental conditions.

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